How to open a restaurant ( Inshokuten ) in Japan ( restaurant business permit )
If you want to start a restaurant ( Inshokuten = 飲食店, food shop ) in Japan, you need to get restaurant business permit ( Inshokuten eigyou kyoka = 飲食店営業許可 ).
And in order to get restaurant business permit ( Inshokuten eigyou kyoka = 飲食店営業許可 ), you need to know about relevant laws.
If you want to operate a hotel in Japan and serve meals to your guests, you need to know about this information.
In Japan, if you want to get restaurant business permit ( Inshokuten eigyou kyoka = 飲食店営業許可 ), necessary qualification is as below.
|Food sanitation supervisor||食品衛生責任者 ＝しょくひんえいせいせきにんしゃ||Public health care ( hokenjo ) center has authority|
|Fire prevention manager||防火管理者 ＝ ぼうかかんりしゃ||Local fire department ( Shoubou sho ) has authority|
So, you can operate restaurant business without chef license (調理師免許 ＝ chourishi menkyo ).
As for Food sanitation supervisor （食品衛生責任者 ）
This is a person in charge of sanitation of your restaurant.
You need to appoint a Food sanitation supervisor at each restaurant.
When you appoint Food sanitation supervisor, you need to file the appointment with local health care center.
In the case you become Food sanitation supervisor, you need to take a lecture conducted by authority concerned.
It will cost about 10,000 yen and you can obtain this qualification within one day. ( About 6 hours )
It is very easy to obtain this qualification, even if you can not understand Japanese language well.
( But, please know about food sanitation well. )
And in the case of Tokyo prefecture, a foreign national who does not have any status of residence can not take this lecture.
And in the case of Saitama prefecture, a foreign national who does not have any status of residence can take this lecture.
Even if you have taken a lecture in Saitama prefecture, you can use the qualification for the restaurant in Tokyo.
There is not term of validity as for this qualification.
However, when you have become food sanitation supervisor, you need to take a lesson periodically.
In the case of Yokohama city, you need to take this lecture every year.
In the case of Kawasaki city, you need to take this lecture every 3 years.
So, if you open your restaurant in Kawasaki city, your food sanitation supervisor needs to take a lecture every 3 years ( Even if you took your qualification in Yokohama city. )
So, the content of this standards differs depending on municipal government.
You can not become a food sanitation supervisor for plural restaurants at the same time.
And food sanitation super visor should be full time employee or manager of your restaurant.
When you have taken a lecture, you need to prepare name plate that can indicate name of food sanitation supervisor.
As for fire prevention manager ( Bouka kanrisha )
In the case, the number of capacity of your restaurant is 30 or more, you need to appoint fire prevention manager ( Bouka kanrisha ).
There are two type of fire prevention manager ( Bouka kanrisha ) license.
|Total room area of your restaurant is more than 300 ㎡||kou (甲) shu fire prevention manager
= Upper fire prevention manager
|Total room area of your restaurant is less than 300 ㎡||otsu (乙) shu fire prevention manager
= Lower fire prevention manager
In order to become a fire prevention manager ( Bouka kanrisha ), you need to take a lecture conducted by association or authority concerned.
( If you order me, I can make reservation to take this lecture on your behalf. )
It will take about 5,000 yen to take this lecture.
In the case of Kou shu license, you can obtain this license within two days.
In the case of Otsu shu license, you can obtain this license within one days.
When you or your employee have obtained necessary license mentioned above , you can prepare necessary documents and facilities, equipments.
These licenses are one of necessary documents to make application for restaurant business permit.
Necessary documents to make application for restaurant business in Japan.
|● Application form for restaurant business permit (営業許可申請書)
In this paper, you clarify your name etc.
|● Outline of equipment
You need to clarify location of kitchen, cook top, lavatory with drawing map. And you need to provide map of neighborhood.
|● Notification of appointment of food sanitation supervisor ( 食品衛生責任者設置届 )
You need to fill in name etc of food sanitation supervisor.
|● Fee for authority
It differs depending of authority. ( About １５０００～２００００ yen )
|● Certificate that can prove quality of water in your facility ( 水質検査成績書 )
In the case you operate your restaurant business in one of room of building, you need to provide this certificate.
In the building, there is a water tank. So, authority want to know the cleanliness of water.
● Certified copy of commercial register
In the case, your business is operated by legal entity.
How to fill in application form for restaurant business permit in Japan.
Please refer to this sample.
🙂 Standards to be filled by your restaurant.
( In the case of Tokyo prefecture )
As for room area.
Your restaurant should have suitable floor area.
There is not specific limitation. But, if the floor area is too small to operate restaurant business properly, you can not obtain restaurant business permit.
As for material of floor
Material of floor should be made by tile, concrete etc that has water resistance.
And it should be well drained, easy to clean.
So, you can not use wooden floor.
But, this items is pertaining to kitchen.
So, you may be able to use wooden floor in room for customers.
As for inner wall.
The inner wall should be covered by material of waterproof ( at least 1 meter from floor ) and easy to clean.
As for partition.
You need to divide each section ( Kitchen, area for customers ) by wall, board etc.
（ If the number of customers are small, you do not need to satisfy this standard ）
As for brightness.
The brightness should be more than 50 lux
( As for space of employee ).
If the brightness of kitchen is not enough, you can not take care of sanitation properly.
As for ventilation.
You need to prepare fan for customer space and employee space separately.
You need to take necessary measures to prevent mouse, insect.
You need to prepare screen door ( amido ), shutter at fan, wire mesh to prevent from mouse, insect.
As for dressing room
You need to prepare dressing room outside of kitchen.
It may be sufficient with box to put your clothes.
You should not change your clothes in the kitchen.
As for equipment to preserve material, food, dish sanitary.
You need to prepare these equipment according to the number of customers.
So, you need to prepare cupboard.
You need to equip thermometer, pressure gauge with refrigerator, sterilizer at its suitable place.
You need to equip facility for supplying water and hot water to clean and sterilize.
Your facility need to supply hot water of over 70 ℃.
As for CLEANING EQUIPMENT
As for lavatory
You need to prepare lavatory where it will not conflict sanitation of kitchen.
And the lavatory should be equipped with necessary equipment to prevent mouse and insect.
And you need to prepare exclusive sink and sterilizer for lavatory.
So, the distance between kitchen and lavatory should not be close for each other.
And you need to prepare liquid soap for this sink.
And you need to prepare lavatory that your customer can use.
As for Sink ( Tearai )
You need to prepare sink and sterilizer exclusive for employee.
So, in the case of Tokyo prefecture, you need to prepare at least one sink exclusive for employee other than sink in lavatory.
According to area, you need to prepare at least three sinks.
One is in the lavatory, one is exclusive for employee, one is for customers.
It it better for you that that you submit necessary documents to obtain restaurant business permit to public health care center about 10 days prior to completion of construction of your facility.
If you submit necessary documents 1 months prior to completion of construction, officers need to wait for completion of your facility for several weeks.
If you submit necessary documents 3 days prior to completion of construction, officer can not come to your office after several days of completion of construction. Then, it will hold off commencement of your operation.
You cannot submit necessary papers by post, but you need to go to local public health care office.
After you have submitted necessary documents to health care center, officer of health care center comes to your office to inspect facility.
( Within 10 days after your application )
Then, if office does not find any problem in your facility, equipments, documents, public health care center ( Hokenjo ) will issue certificate
( It will be issued within 10 days after their inspection ).
And now you can start your restaurant business in Japan.
Once you have obtained restaurant business permit, you can manage following business.
|Selling Bento, lunch box||Bar （Until 12:00 midnight）|
However, you cannot operate following business with restaurant business permit.
|Bake sweet bun||Selling raw fish, meat|
As for bar, you can not provide alcohol after 12 pm midnight.
In order to provide it, you need to submit Notification of commencement of business that provideｓ alcohol during midnight.
( 深夜における酒類提供飲食店営業営業開始届出書 ).
In order to sell unprocessed raw fish, meat, you need to obtain other license.
( 魚介類販売業, 食肉販売業 )
However, you can provide Sashimi ( sell picture ) at your restaurant without other license of 魚介類販売業, 食肉販売業.
When you want to operate hostess bar with female companions, you need to obtain other license below. ( Named ” Fuuzoku eigyou kyoka “)
Necessary equipment to operate restaurant business in Japan.
In order to operate restaurant business in Japan, your facility needs to be equipped with necessary equipments.
So, before you order your interior decorator, you need to consult with officer of public health care center.
( Of course, if you order me, I can be of your interpreter. )
Public health care center that has jurisdiction over your restaurant is enacted.
So, you need to consult with them in advance.
When you visit Hokenjo, you need to bring drawing of your restaurant.。
If you have already ordered interior decorator, they will provide you drawing map.
In the case a foreign national operates restaurant business in Japan, you need to obtain necessary status of residence in Japan.
Information of authority concerned with starting restaurant business in Japan
Authority : Public health center
|Name of process||object||timing of application|
( hokenjo )Application for permit of restaurant business (shokuhin eigyou kyoka shinsei)
|all restaurant||10 days prior to completion of restaurant
Authority : Fire department
|Notification of appointment of fire prevention manager
|Restaurant with capacity of 30 or more||Prior to commencement of operation of business|
|Notification of commencement of usage of specified facility
( 防火対象設備使用開始届 )
|In the case, you use a part of building.||7 days prior to usage.|
|Notification of commencement of usage of equipment relating to fire.
( 火を使用する設備等の設置届 )
|In the case you use fire in your facility.||Prior to establishment of equipment|
Authority : Police department
|Notification of commencement of business that provides alcohol during midnight
|In the case, your facility provide alcohol after 12 midnight.||10 days prior to commencement of operation.|
|Application for permit of Adult entertainment business( 風俗営業許可申請)||In the case, your business involves entertainment of male guest.
（hostess bar with female companions ）
|2 months prior to commencement of operation.|
Authority : Tax office
|Notification of establishment of office
( 個人事業の開廃業等届出書 ）
|In the case, you start your business as individual||within one month after commencement of operation.|
Authority : Labor standard inspection bureau ( roudou kijun kantoku sho )
|Application for labor insurance.||In the case, you hire employee||Within 10 days after you have hired employee.|
Authority : 職業安定所
|Public Employment Security Office
|Application for employment insurance In the case, you hire employee||Within 10 days after you have hired employee|
Authority : social insurance office = しゃかいほけんじむしょ
|Application for social insurance||In the case of legal entity : mandatory
Other than above : voluntary
In the case you hire a lawyer, the amount of their fee will be around 100,000 yen.
（ With respect to filing restaurant business permit. ）